iLEAPS Scientific Steering Committee (SSC)
The iLEAPS Scientific Steering Committee (SSC) members are scientists selected from the international environmental research community. New iLEAPS SSC members are appointed by the Scientific Committee of IGBP (SC-IGBP) on the basis of their scientific expertise and serve for a period of three years with the possibility of one renewal period. The SSC guides the overall direction and development of the project by:
- Providing scientific guidance to and oversee the development, planning and implementation of iLEAPS
- Encouraging the promotion and wide awareness of iLEAPS amongst science communities including publication of results.
- Demonstrating progress and achievements by defining and monitoring milestones and results.
- Encouraging national governments, regional and international funding agencies to support the implementation of iLEAPS and the achievement of it's goals by providing adequate support to the necessary national, regional and international research.
- Encouraging collaboration between iLEAPS and other International Programmes and Agencies concerned with the scientific study and assessment of global change.
Current iLEAPS members
Dr Eleanor Blyth (co-Chair)
|Dr. Blyth is a Senior Scientist at the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, UK where she is the Head of Land Surface Processes group. Starting January 2011, she will be a member of the GEWEX Science Steering Group and is currently a member of GEWEX-GLASS representing Benchmarking and co-chair of IAHS Hydrometeorology Working Group. In the UK she is the science coordinator of JULES community model and represents hydrometeorology in the UK IAHS committee. She is the Work-Block leader on Feedbacks in the Global Water Cycle for WATCH (EU IP). Her scientific expertise is in land surface modelling, land-atmosphere interactions and arctic land surface processes.|
Prof. Dr Hans-Christen Hansson (co-Chair)
Hans-Christen Hansson is professor in Air pollution and head of the Department of Applied Environmental Science (ITM). His present work within mostly larger projects is directed towards investigations of the life cycle of the atmospheric particles, especially how atmospheric particles influence the radiation budget, both directly through scattering of radiation and indirectly through their influence on the clouds and their effect on the radiation balance. Influence on health is a growing concern, which drives his involvement connecting urban research with the regional focused research. A growing substantial effort is now on implementing all achieved knowledge on processes in dynamic transport models giving a possibility describing parameters important to climate and health with high resolution spatially and temporally both on regional as well as urban scale. HC Hansson was one of the founding partners in the NCoE BACCI as well as major EU projects as EUCAARI and EUSAAR. He is also a scientific leader in several national projects focused on Air Quality and Climate effects and interaction.
Dr Sally Archibald
|Dr Archibald's research focuses on understanding the dynamics of savanna ecosystems. She is interested in fire ecology and vegetation dynamics and uses a range of approaches – from modelling, remote sensing, and field experiments – to address questions on the response of these systems to global change.|
She has experience using eddy-covariance techniques to understand patterns of water, energy and carbon exchange and through the CarboAfrica project participates in the Fluxnet network of eddy-covariance sites. She is involved in inter-continental and global comparisons of vegetation structure and function and is an associate editor for the International Journal of Rangeland Management.
Dr Archibald's current activities and research interests include developing a global theory of fire – a statistical description of global fire regimes; a biogeographic analysis of the distribution of the savanna biome; fire and the forest-savanna boundary – mechanisms controlling large-scale vegetation patterns in sub-Saharan Africa; fire-size frequency distributions and the effect of humans on fire regimes; environmental controls of tree and grass leaf display in semi-arid savanna systems; and ecosystem stress in response to temperature, UV radiation, water and nutrients in southern African systems.
Prof. Dr Aijun Ding (current IPO director and iLEAPS China)
Dr. Ding is professor of atmospheric environment and atmospheric physics at Nanjing University. He current serves as an assistant director of the Institute for Climate and Global Change Research (ICGCR) at Nanjing University. He worked in The Hong Kong Polytechnic University as Post-Doctoral Fellow and Research Fellow for many years. Dr. Ding has involved in data analysis for several international measurement programs, such as TRACE-P (TRAnsport and Chemical Evolution over the Pacific) and MOZAIC (Measurements of OZone, water vapour, carbon monoxide and nitrogen oxides by in-service Airbus airCraft) etc.. He has also coordinated several field experiments (mountain-top/aircraft measurements) for national level projects on ozone and acid rain in China. His scientific expertise is in analysis and simulation of chemical and physical processes related to tropospheric ozone in East Asia. Dr. Ding has published over 20 peer-reviewed papers on journals like Atmos. Chem. Phys., J. Geophys. Res., Geophys. Res. Letts., and Atmos. Environ. etc.
Prof. Dr Tetsuya Hiyama (iLEAPS Japan)
Dr. Hiyama is a Professor at the Hydrospheric Atmospheric Research Center (HyARC) of Nagoya University, Japan. He got PhD in 1995 at the University of Tsukuba, Japan, and has worked as an Assistant Professor at the Institute for Hydrospheric-Atmospheric Sciences of Nagoya University, an Associate Professor at HyARC of Nagoya University (1995-2010), and an Associate Professor (2010-2014) at the Research Institute for Humanity and Nature (RIHN), Kyoto, Japan. He specializes in the fields of ecohydrology and hydrometeorology. Dr. Hiyama’s research interests include global warming and the human-nature dimension in Siberia, forest-permafrost-groundwater dynamics, and soil-vegetation-climate interactions in the Arctic circumpolar region. He has been a project leader of the research project (No. C-07) of RIHN, entitled “Global Warming and the Human-Nature Dimension in Siberia: Social Adaptation to the Changes of the Terrestrial Ecosystem, with an Emphasis on Water Environments”. In iLEAPS, Dr. Hiyama contributes to hydrological and nature-human system interface-related themes and acts as the chair of iLEAPS-Japan.
Dr Sirkku Juhola
|Dr Juhola is an assistant professor in urban environmental policy at the Department of Environmental Sciences at the University of Helsinki (FIN). She is also a visiting scholar at the Department of Real Estate, Planning and Geoinformatics at Aalto University (FIN) and an adjunct professor of social and public policy at the University of Jyväskylä (FIN).|
Dr Juhola holds a BA from the University of Sussex (UK) and a MSc and a PhD from the University of East Anglia (UK). Since obtaining her PhD, Sirkku has worked at the United Nations University - Institute of Advanced Studies (JPN), University of Jyväskylä (FIN) and Umeå University (SWE).
Dr Juhola is the Deputy Chief Scientists of the Nordic Centre for Excellence on Nordic Strategic Adaptation (NORD-STAR) and a member of Finland’s Climate Panel that was set up in 2011 to advice the Finnish Government on climate policy. From 2013, she is also management committee member for Finland of two European Science Foundation Cost Actions; TUD Cost Action TU 1204 "People Friendly Cities in a Data Rich World" and the Targeted network "Gender, Science, Technology and Environment- genderSTE".
Prof. Dr Meehye Lee (iLEAPS Korea)
Prof Lee acts as a Professor in Korea University in the field of atmospheric chemistry and land-atmosphere chemical interactions. She got her PhD in atmospheric chemistry at the University of Rhode Island, USA, in 1995, and has worked as visiting scholar at the Center for Atmospheric Sciences in Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California at San Diego, USA in 2006-2007. Her expertise includes processes involving ozone, secondary organic aerosol, biogenic volatile organics, aerosol aging processes, aerosol chemical characteristics, and chemical oceanography. In iLEAPS, Prof Lee is responsible for activities in Korea as the co-chair of the newly launched iLEAPS-Korea.
Dr Sebastian Leuzinger
Dr. Sebastian Leuzinger has worked on a large range of ecological topics both in marine and terrestrial environments using a variety of experimental and computational methods. His origin is in marine ecology, but he has mainly worked in terrestrial environments in the past ten years. In iLEAPS, Dr Leuzinger will bring in the scientific community in New Zealand and continue the ecological expertise in the iLEAPS SSC after Francesco Loreto rotates off.
Dr Vinayak Sinha
Dr. Vinayak Sinha is an Assistant Professor and Convener of the Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences at the Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Mohali, where he also leads the research group on Atmospheric Chemistry and Emissions. He has set up a state of the art atmospheric chemistry measurement facility in north western India (Mohali) to investigate biosphere-atmosphere-climate interactions.
Dr Allison Steiner
|Allison Steiner is an Associate Professor in the Department of Climate and Space Sciences and Engineering and the Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences at the University of Michigan, USA. Dr. Steiner's research explores the complex interactions of the biosphere and atmosphere with the goal of understanding the natural versus human influence on climate and atmospheric chemistry. She is currently an editor for Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, and serving on the National Research Council's committee on the Future of Atmospheric Chemistry Research.|
Prof. Dr Xuemei Wang
Dr. Wang specializes in atmospheric boundary layer physics and atmospheric environmental modeling studies. Her research focuses on physical and chemical impacts of urbanization on regional air pollution and land-atmospheric exchange for BVOCs emissions and reactive nitrogen deposition. Advanced air quality model (e.g., WRF-Chem) has been developed and used by her group to investigate the photochemical pollution characteristics, relationships between ozone and its precursors. Two monitoring sites have been set up in Guangzhou and Dinghu Mountain for dry deposition and wet deposition samples collection since 2007. She serves as an associate editor of Asia Pacific Journal of Atmospheric Science and the reviewer of AR5 for IPCC.
Dr Alex Guenther (Retiring)
|Dr. Guenther is a senior scientist and section head of the Atmospheric Chemistry Division of the National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder CO, USA. He is an expert on biogenic VOC emissions and their role in the earth system. He has led a research group on more than 40 field investigations of biosphere-atmosphere interations on 6 continents, many of them as a component of international research programs. He is the lead developer of the global Model of Emissions of Gases and Aerosols from Nature (MEGAN) which is widely used by the scientific community. Dr. Guenther lists 185 peer reviewed journal articles in his Curriculum vitae. His papers are widely cited, with an H index of 41 and including a Top Ten Most Highly Cited in Geosciences paper and a recent Fast Moving Front paper.|
Prof. Dr Dan Yakir (Retiring)
|Dan Yakir has been working on biosphere-atmosphere interactions accorss scales with emaphasis on measurments and observations of ecophysiological and ecohydrological processes. He has invested special efforts in the development and application carbonyl sulfide (COS) and stable isotopes as tracers, indictors and integrators of the response of land ecosystems to global change. This included the use of 13C and 18O in CO2, 18O and 2H in water and water vapor, and 18O in O2. In the past ten years, efforts were also dierected to the investigation of the effects of land use and land cover changes on biophysical and biogeochemical process, specifically in the semi-arid regions. This includes flux measurements of trace gases, energy and radiation. This research addresses questions on the response of dry ecosystems to to the predicted trends in atmospheric gas composition (e.g. CO2 concentrations), reduced precipitation and/or warming. Both response to short-term extreme evenet and long term changes in steady state are addressed.|
Dr Kathleen Galvin (Retiring)
|Kathleen Galvin is a Professor in the Department of Anthropology and Director of the Africa Center at Colorado State University. Trained as a biological anthropologist, she conducts research in the drylands of Africa. She is interested in issues of land use, conservation, climate variability, food security and adaptation strategies of people in savannas. She has also examined the importance of spatial complexity and the costs of dryland land fragmentation around the world. Her joining the SSC will help to strengthen our science with human dimension to fit co-production, co-design and solution oriented research requirements of Future Earth.|
Prof. Dr Meinrat O. Andreae
Director of the Biogeochemistry Department at the Max Planck Institute, Mainz (Germany) and adjunct professor at the Faculty of Graduate Studies, York University, Ontario (Canada).He has received several awards: World Meteorological Organization Gerbier-Mumm Award (1988), Fairchild Distinguished Scholar Award, California Institute of Technology (1993), Member of Academia Europaea (1995), Most Highly Cited Researchers (2003). He is member of the Scientific Steering Committee for the International Large-Scale Biosphere-Atmosphere Experiment in Amazonia (LBA) and the European Commission Science Panel on Atmospheric Composition Change. He has led the IGBP-IGAC project on biomass burning (BIBEX) and served in Scientific Steering Committees (IGBP) and European Commission Science Panel. His background is in geochemistry and oceanography. His scientific expertise is in oceanography, tropical aerosols, terrestrial, oceanic, and atmospheric chemistry.
Prof. Dr Almut Arneth
Leader of MCT-ELSA, a Marie Curie Excellence Team on Exchange Processes in the Land Surface - Atmosphere System, Lund University (Sweden). Her background is in ecophysiology and environmental physics. Her research interests include the long-term responses of plants and ecosystems to climate change and atmospheric CO2 concentration, constraints on, and feedbacks of, biogenic trace gas emissions in the land-atmosphere system and the process-based modelling of soil, plant and ecosystem biogeochemistry. She has led projects on ecosystem-atmosphere exchange in Botswana, New Zealand, Siberia and Northern Sweden, and participated in Carbonsink-LBA in Amazonia.
Prof. Dr Paulo Artaxo
Professor of environmental physics at the University of São Paulo (Brazil). Participant in several major international research efforts, such as IGAC, CACGP, IPCC, WMO and others. He has acted as member of several scientific steering committees, such as at the International Global Atmospheric Chemistry Program IGAC/IGBP, Deposition of Biologically Important Trace Species (DEBITS) project, Biomass Burning Experiment (BIBEX) project, Polar Atmospheric Snow Chemistry Committee (PASC), and the IPCC Panel on Global Aviation Effects. He is one of the coordinators and member of the Scientific Steering Committee of the LBA Experiment and member of the IPCC working group on climate change impacts. He was general secretary of the CACGP, the IAMAS Commission on atmospheric chemistry and global pollution. His scientific experience is in radiative effects of aerosols, focusing on tropical aerosols, biogeochemical cycling in the Amazon basin, dry and wet deposition, biogenic and biomass burning aerosols. He also works with urban air pollution in megacities.
Dr Nathalie de Noblet-Ducoudré (Honorary SSC member)
Dr. de Noblet-Ducoudré is research scientist at Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l'Environnement (LSCE), Gif-sur-Yvette cedex ( France ). She is a member of several scientific committees: national program on climate dynamics, national program developed to understand past climate changes in tropical areas (ECOFIT), committee for evaluation of the Climate and Land Surface Systems Interaction Centre (CLASSIC, Earth Observation Centre of Excellence) program launched by the Natural Environment Research Council (NERC) in the United Kingdom. She is involved in several projects for the Natural Environmental Research Council in the United Kingdom and the National Science Foundation. She was a National Research Council post-doctoral fellow at NASA/JPL in Pasadena , California ( USA ). Her background is in meteorology. Her areas of expertise are climate dynamics, modelling of global terrestrial surface-atmosphere interactions focusing on hydrology, energy balance, and land cover impacts, also in terms of past climate changes.
Prof. Dr Laurens Ganzeveld
Dr. Ganzeveld is Assistant professor at the department of Environmental Sciences, Chair group Earth System Science, of Wageningen University and Research Centre, Netherlands. He is member of the Global Emission Inventory Activity (GEIA) and co-chair of the workgroup land within the Community Earth Systems Models (COSMOS) project. His background is in atmospheric physics and environmental sciences. His research interests are atmospheric chemistry, atmospheric chemistry-climate interactions, surface trace gas and aerosol exchanges, micro- and planetary boundary layer meteorology with a strong focus on the scaling issue using 1-D as well as 3-D chemistry-climate models for feedback studies and the evaluation of measurements of exchanges.
Prof. Dr Pavel Kabat
Professor in climate hydrology at Wageningen University and Research Centre, Wageningen (Netherlands). Science director of a national research programme on Climate and Spatial Planning, scientific director of International Dialogue on Water and Climate, chair of International Science Panel of Global Energy and Water Experiment-International Satellite Land Surface Climatology Project of the World Climate Research Programme (GEWEX-ISLSCP / WCRP), research programme overall co-ordinator of European contribution to the LBA. He served as chair of the International Scientific Steering Committee of IGBP, core project Biospheric Aspects of the Hydrological Cycle (BAHC). His research focuses on hydrology, regional and global water cycles, hydrometeorology, water and carbon cycles, measurements and modelling of land - atmosphere exchange processes, climate interactions, and environmental monitoring in relation to climate change. International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA), Laxenburg, Austria.
Prof. Dr Markku Kulmala
Professor in physics at the Department of Physical Sciences and Director of the Division of Atmospheric Sciences at the University of Helsinki ( Finland ). Principal investigator of several large scientific projects supported by the European Commission and related to climate change (BOND, CASOMIO, PARTS, QUEST), health effects of air pollution (HEAPPS), origin and formation of secondary organic aerosol (OSOA), interhemispheric differences in cirrus properties from anthropogenic emissions (INCA), North Atlantic Aerosol Characterization (ACE), for example. He leads the Nordic Centre of Excellence on Biosphere-Aerosol-Cloud-Climate Interactions (BACCI) and the Academy of Finland Centre of Excellence on physics, chemistry and biology of atmospheric composition and climate change. Expertise in atmospheric aerosols, modelling of aerosol processes, atmospheric ions and electricity, microphysics of clouds, boreal forest.
Prof. Dr Daniel Rosenfeld
Dr. Rosenfeld is a professor at the Institute of Earth Sciences, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem (Israel). He has received several honours including the Verner Suomi Medal (American Meteorological Society, 2001) "for key contributions to remote measurement and interpretation of rainfall, cloud optical properties, and cloud microphysical properties" and the Thunderbird Award (Weather Modification Association, 2001). He has also received an award for popular writing in sciences. He is a Fellow of the American Meteorological Society (2003). His background is in meteorology and areas of expertise are physics of clouds and precipitation, aerosol-cloud-climate relationships, remote sensing from radars and satellites of these interactions. His research is related to the ways by which a variety of aerosols affect in very different ways clouds and precipitation around the world. These aerosol sources include urban pollution, smoke from burning forests and from burning oil fields, volcanic emissions, deserts mineral and salt dusts, pristine rain forests, and marine salt particles.